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Something that differentiated "Scream" of other films of its genre was its ability to connect all of them. Two were specially honored. Two classics of previous generations: "Halloween" and "Friday the 13th", by which the writer, Kevin Williamson, has always been an aficionado.

In the introduction to his screenplay into a book, Williamson speaks openly about his passion and the first time that he watched "Halloween" in theaters and how it changed his life in October 1978, when he was only 12 years.

Halloween was my revelation. I already knew my love of movies was bordering obsessive but had no idea of how fixated I was until the experience of Halloween. The movie frightened me beyond belief. I sat, white-knuckled, between Shelley and her mother. I remember vividly how I kept grabbing Shelley's mother every time Michael Myers appeared”.

Halloween was the film that opened my eyes”.

Oh, and we can see that, Mr. Williamson.

In the original script, Williamson didn’t imagined the mask´s shape. But of course it was a reference to “The Shape”. That bleached white mask mimicking the traits of William Shatner.

The film is full of references. Let's see now if you were tuned in the details, but first a warning: This section of the site contains spoilers of the films mentioned.

» Halloween Series - "Halloween" (1978) and "Halloween II" (1981), as mentioned before, holds the largest number of references in "Scream". Just in the beginning, the film is told by Casey Becker as her favorite movie. Later, Ghost Face makes a movie trivia, and the question is the name of the killer - something that she responds with the same tone of voice of Rachel (Ellie Cornell) from "Halloween IV" (1988): "It's Michael... Michael Myers. "

  • Before Ghostface reveals his malevolence, Casey  also makes popcorn in a very similar way to Annie Bracket (Nancy Kyes).
  • Casey cries for help from her parents, but the voice just not comes out, and so does Laurie Strode (Jamie Lee Curtis) in "Halloween II".
  • When Mr. Becker realizes that something is very wrong in his house, he says to his wife to "Drive down to the Mackenzie's" and that is the same advice that Laurie gives to Tommy and Lindsey.
  • The name of Billy, Loomis, is a tribute to the tireless hunter of Michael Myers - Dr. Sam Loomis, played by Donald Pleasence. In turn, this name is another homage - to "Psycho".
  • The music that plays after the climbing of Billy to Sidney's window is  "Don’t Fear The Reaper", which was featured in “Halloween” soundtrack. But in 1978 it was interpreted by the group Blue Oyster Cult.
  • When Sidney comes back into the house after being scared by the killer, Ghost Face arises from within the closet - as Michael does with Bob Simms (John Michael Graham).
  • Tatum tells Sidney that the situation is beginning to appear like a flick by Wes Carpenter - a mixed name of Wes Craven and John Carpenter, the director of "Halloween."
  • One of the movies that Randy brings to Stu´s party is "Halloween" - that is the movie they decide to watch. "Scream" features some scenes and there are clear context and hypertext at various times.
  • The theme from John Carpenter is playing in the scene where Dewey enters Stu´s house the second time.
  • Sidney hides in closet, just as Laurie Strode - but Sidney fights back her nemesis.
  • A picture of Laurie Strode is the last thing that Stuart sees in his life.
  • When Randy warns "Carefull this is the part where the supposablely dead killer come's back to life for one last scare”– it is a clear allusion to the immortal killers such as Michael Myers and Jason Vorhees.

» Psycho - If "Scream" is a tribute to "Halloween", this one turns out to be a homage to "Psycho" (1960). At the time of the release of "Halloween", people said that this was the scariest movie since the classic from Hitchcock. Besides the surname Loomis - present in all three movies – they share other similarities:

  • The biggest one is the death of Drew Barrymore´s character - one that we thought would be the damsel in distress of the movie. The same happened in "Psycho", when Janet Leigh - the mother of Jamie Lee Curtis - is torn apart in the shower.
  •  Billy Loomis quotes Norman Bates: "We all go a little mad sometimes…”

» Friday the 13th Series - Name the killer in "Friday the 13th" (1980)? Raise the hand who yelled with Casey: Jason… I know I did. And to my surprise - or lack of attention - I had to swallow the answer that he did not appear until the sequel. Jason's mother, Mrs. Vorhees (Betsy Palmer) is the original killer...

» Nightmare on Elm Street Series - The funny self-references of  "Scream" started here. Casey thinks that Ghostface´s favorite scary movie is "Nightmare on Elm Street" (1984) - created, written and directed by Wes Craven. She says that the first was good but the rest sucked, including "New Nightmare" (1994), also by Craven.

  • Casey pulls of the killer´s mask before her last breath, and so does Tina (Amanda Wyss) to Freddie´s face.
  • Billy, who looks a lot like Johnny Deep in "Nightmare...", also climbs his girlfriend´s window.
  • Sidney lives on 34 Elm Street - but this reference was cut out from the movie.
  • Joseph Whipp who lives Sheriff Burke in "Scream" also lives a man of the law in "Nightmare..." - Sgt. Parker.
  • The boyfriend is always acused of being the killer. Tina´s boyfriend, Rod Lane (Jsu Garcia), is an example.
  • Tatum wears a shirt with a #10, just like Deep´s jearsey.
  • To close with a golden key the references around this film, Craven makes a small cameo using the costume of Freddie Krueger (Robert Englund), as Fred, the janitor.

» Other movies  - Some references that do not need a specific topic:

  • The opening scene has a strong connection with "When a Stranger Calls" (1979), which, in turn, relates to an urban legend. In it, a baby-sitter is terrorized by phone calls from a psychopath who is closer than she thinks - inside the house.
  • Casey´s body in a tree reminds me a lot of the girl hanged in the begining of "Suspiria" (1977).
  • "The Exorcist" (1973) is the movie that Billy says that he was watching before go to Sid´s house. Linda Blair does a cameo as a reporter. Blair and Craven worked together in "Summer of Fear" (1978).
  • There are two references to Sharon Stone in "Scream" - who worked with Wes Craven in "Deadly Blessing" (1981). The first one is about the genre of the killer. Tatum says that the killer could easily be a female, like in "Basic Instinct" (1992). The other one is about her famous flashing that is compared to Maureen Prescott´s behavior around man.
  • Randy imitates Jerry Lewis voice when he says "Did you realy put her liver in the mailbox...".
  • Tatum says, "I'm going to the video store. I was thinking All The Right Moves (1983). You know if you pause it just right, you can see his penis". Williamson mentioned that people always make jokes about that line to him. You can watch this scene here.
  • Stu mentions "Candyman" (1992) at the school.
  • Henry Winkler (Principal Himbry) stops to slick his hair back which was a trademark of his character Fonzie on the TV-show "Happy Days" (1974).
  • Sidney compares Woodsboro with "The Town That Dreaded Sundown" (1976).
  • Some footage of "Frankenstein" (1931) is shown.
  • "E.T. - The Extraterrestrial" (1982) is mentioned.
  • The plot of "Scream" have some similarities to "Prom Night" (1980), this movie is mentioned by Randy, and so is "The Howling" (1981).
  • Other Jamie Lee Curtis´ movies are mentioned: "Trading Places" (1983), "The Fog" (1980), "Terror Train" (1980) and "Prom Night" (1980). The "Mother's Boys" (1993) poster appears at the video store.
  • The movies rented to Stu´s party are: "Hellraiser" (1987), "The Fog" (1980), "Terror Train" (1980), "Prom Night" (1980), and "The Evil Dead" (1982).
  • Tatum refers to "I Spit On Your Grave" (1978) when she says "What is this? I Spit On Your Garage?"
  • Randy quotes, "What's Leatherface doing here?". A reference to "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre" (1974).
  • "As if", Stuart replies. It was a famous quote from "Clueless" (1995).
  • Billy thinks that Sid has similar problems to Jodie Foster in "Silence of the Lambs" (1991). 
  • Sidney replies "I´m scared I´m gonna end up like my mom. You know, like The Bad Seed or something" - this is a mention to the classic of 1956.
  • When Sidney is banging in the attic window, it looks like a scene from "The Spiral Staircase" (1941).
  • Billy states corn syrup was the same stuff they used for pig's blood in "Carrie" (1976).
  • Mathew Lillard ad-libbed "Houston, we have a problem here!", a reference to "Apollo 13" (1995). "I always had a thing for you Sid" was also a Lillard contribution for the movie, a reference to "Serpico" (1973).

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